PROSTATE CANCER FAQs
WHAT IS PROSTATE CANCER?
Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control. The prostate is a gland found only in males. It makes some of the fluid that is part of semen.
The prostate is below the bladder (the hollow organ where urine is stored) and in front of the rectum (the last part of the intestines). The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the center of the prostate.
Growths in the prostate can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
Benign growths (like benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):
Are rarely a threat to life
Do not invade the tissues around them
Do not spread to other parts of the body
Can be removed and can grow back very slowly
Malignant growths (prostate cancer):
May sometimes be a threat to life
Can spread to nearby organs and tissues (such as the bladder or rectum)
Can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body (like lymph nodes or bone)
Often can be removed but sometimes grow back